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2020.07.07

人間とAIによるデザインの共同作業

TEXT  : Hanako Suzuki
Photo : Taro Suzuki

AIとロボティクスは、人々の働き方を大きく変えると言われています。同時に、倫理的・社会経済的問題も提起し、仕事の意味そのものの意味を問いかけています。では、デザインへはどのような影響があるでしょうか?

 

コンピューターサイエンスとデザイン両方のバックグラウンドを持ち合わせる、RCAのヴァリ・ラリオッティ博士は、RethinkAI™という方法論を提案しています。これは、人間とAIがデザインの領域で共同作業をする際の、新しいデザインの方法論を探るものです。昨年10月にも同氏はワークショップを東京で開催しましたが、この秋はDLXに滞在し、東京大学の研究者たちとRethinkAI™を使用して、研究を進める予定です。

 

西洋と日本とでは、人間とAIの関わり方も少し違うと考えられています。日本では人々とAIが共に働き、なめらかに人とAIの能力をつなぎ合わせ、活用しているように見受けられます。しかし、西洋ではモノと機械、そして人々とは分断されている、という考えがベースにあります。

 

RethinkAI™は、組織論、チーム心理学、そしてイノベーション・デザインから生まれた参加型のデザイン手法であり、カードゲームとデジタルアプリのかたちをとった「人間の強み」の小さな辞典でもあります。このデザイン方法論は、人間とAIとが共にデザインをし、人間中心世界からポストヒューマン時代、そして人間を超える時代へ、デザインパラダイムを進化させます。AIを含む新技術がさまざまな社会生活に取り入れられ、イノベーションを生み出すと言われている「ソサエティ5.0」と、ポストヒューマニズムもまた同様に、新たなデザイン領域を切り開きつつあります。

 

AIと人間が共にデザインをするなんて、まるで遠い未来の話でしょうか。しかし、その片鱗はすでにあちこちに現れ始めています。この新しい方法論は、人とAIがよりよいデザインのパートナーになるためのガイドラインとも呼べるかもしれません。

More-than-human - IIS International Researcher Grant to enable the design of robots with personality.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and robotics are drastically changing the future of work, raising a multitude of ethical and socioeconomic issues and challenging the meaning of work. This Fall an outstanding researcher from the Royal College of Art will be in residence at the DLX design lab, working on a project with the Miles Pennington and Yamanaka labs using her bespoke RethinkAI™ methodology.

 

 

Dr. Vali Lalioti is a Senior Research Tutor, Global Innovation Design, Royal College of Art, with a PhD in Computer Science, an MBA and an MRes in Design from the RCA. Dr. Vali Lalioti’s research explores how design methodologies can emerge from a posthuman turn, where human and AI can be designed together in a continuum of agency and intelligence in the future of work.

 

 

Dr. Vali Lalioti developed the RethinkAI™ methodology and leads a design research exploration across Japan and the UK, to redesign the human and AI relationship into a more-than-human future of Work. While western modes of logic rely on firm a priori separations between objects, machines and humans, this is not the same for all cultures. Japanese society sees humans and AI working together within an intelligence continuum and has much to offer to the more polarised western viewpoint. 

 

Speaking of the research residency Dr. Lalioti said “ I’m really excited to continue my work with Professor Pennington, Dr Miyoshi and Professor Yamanaka. Last October I used the RethinkAI™ in a workshop with 18 Japanese academics and industry participants, and designed AI materialisations in the form of robotic prototypes and AI voice assistants. This Autumn I’m looking forward to take this further and use the method to design robots with personality and exhibit the proof of concept prototypes”

 

RethinkAI™ is a participatory design methodology and a glossary of human strengths in the form of a card game and a digital app, that draws from organizational theory, team psychology and innovation design. Teams use these to define AI as an ontology of strengths and create materialisations of their AI in a design sprint. 

 

 

The emerging design methods allow for human and AI to be designed together and explore other framings of agency and intelligence to evolve our design paradigms from the human-centred Anthropocene to the posthuman, more-than-human era. Posthumanism and society 5.0 is also opening up a design space where intelligence and agency can be rethought as an assemblage of humans and non-humans together with objects and technologies. 

 

When Dr. Vali Lalioti is in Tokyo, she will host workshops in collaboration with Prof. Miles Pennington. We are seeking participants to join us and design robotic materialisations and sponsors to develop proof-of-concept robotics to be exhibited both in Japan and in the UK.  If you are interested to learn more or to participate contact: vali.lalioti@network.rca.ac.uk and/or vali@valilalioti.com. If you would like to experience RethinkAI™ you can run the application on www.theinnovationconsultancy.com/rethinkai and design your AI as it best matches your strengths.

When Dr. Vali Lalioti is in Tokyo, she will host workshops in collaboration with Prof. Miles Pennington. We are seeking participants to join us and design robotic materialisations and sponsors to develop proof-of-concept robotics to be exhibited both in Japan and in the UK.  If you are interested to learn more or to participate contact: vali.lalioti@network.rca.ac.uk and/or vali@valilalioti.com. If you would like to experience RethinkAI™ you can run the application on www.theinnovationconsultancy.com/rethinkai and design your AI as it best matches your strengths.

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 IIS Tokyo Design Lab

〒153-8505 東京都目黒区駒場4-6-1

東京大学生産技術研究所S棟 S-206

S-206, S building, Institute of Industrial Science,

The University of Tokyo,

Komaba 4-6-1, Meguro-ku

Tokyo 153-8505

 

+81 3 5452 6164

info@designlab.ac